Looking for Loopholes

In light of the charged debate over homosexuality, one would think the Bible has a lot to say on the subject.  It does not.  There are only five or six verses in the entire Bible that have been interpreted as addressing or condemning homosexuality.  They are verses that are often removed from their historical, cultural and religious contexts to proof-text the Bible’s alleged stance against homosexuality and homosexual relationships. 

One  reads these texts more responsibly by applying the common-sense and scientific rules of biblical exegesis.  Though that may sound like a scary term, the word exegesis comes from the Greek verb which means “to draw out”.  Simply put, exegesis is about drawing out from the text the true meaning of a Bible passage.  Or to phrase it a bit differently, it means getting out of the text what it originally meant to the author and original intended audience — without reading into the text the many traditional interpretations that may have grown up around it.  

Exegesis then is an investigation.  As one of my seminary professors used to say, the question we always have to be asking is: What’s going on here?  The reader today must somehow try to enter the world of the biblical writer and seek to understand what the writer was saying.  If we fail to pay attention to the world in which the Bible was written, we will simply read biblical texts, infuse them with meaning from our social and symbolic world and conclude that the Bible speaks directly to us.

But instead of responsible exegesis, what many do instead is what some theologians refer to as “frontloading”, i.e., they read their own personal, political or ideological beliefs back INTO the Bible instead of reading OUT FROM the Bible what the original writers were saying.  This process of reading one’s own ideas INTO interpretation of the Bible is called EISegesis.  Exegesis and Eisegesis are conflicting approaches to interpreting the Bible. 

Why are they conflicting?

— EXegesis is about reading OUT FROM the Bible what the original writers were saying. 
— EISegesis is about reading one’s own ideas or prejudices back INTO the Bible. 

— EXegesis is the process of GETTING OUT of the text what is truly there in the first place. 
— EISegesis is the process of PUTTING INTO the text something that was not intended by the author.

— EXegesis is drawing out the true meaning of a Bible passage. 
— EISegesis is at best unwise and at worst extremely dangerous!

But exegesis is not an easy task.  Like many laudable things it requires some work on our part.  It also behooves us to be aware that we are all guilty of eisegesis to some degree, because we all read the Bible with modern eyes.  We all have our own beliefs, worldviews and biases and letting them influence our interpretation of the Bible is an ever-present danger.  So whatever we can do to leave our assumptions at the door before we approach the text will only help to not color what we are going to come out with.  It is respectful of God’s gift to us to go after the author’s intentions and meanings before arriving at our own.  

W.C Fields was visited on his deathbed by a friend who caught him reading the Bible.  “What are you reading that Bible for?” the friend asked.  Fields tersely replied, “I’m looking for loopholes!”  Those of us with respect for Bible interpretation and biblical authority do not look for loopholes.  What we seek is harder and infinitely more important to find than easy outs.  We search for the intention of the original writers.  Who was the writer and to whom was he writing?  What was the cultural and historical setting of the writer?  What was the meaning of the words in the writer’s day?  What was the intended meaning of the author and why was he saying it?  What should this mean to me in my situation today?  To an extent, careful study can open those meanings to us if we are humble enough not to presume we already know.  We try hard to get past what we think we already know to find out what we are looking at.

Advertisements

About Alex Haiken

Born to a Jewish family in New York City, I came to faith in Christ in 1982 after trying to disprove the Bible. I found so much evidence in support of the claims of Jesus and the Bible that it required more faith to reject it than to believe it. I hold a Master’s degree from Westminster Theological Seminary and among other things am a lecturer, teacher, blogger and conference speaker. I came out as gay at a young age but was taught when I came to faith that I could not be both Christian and gay. I served for a time as a leader of an ex-gay ministry but shifted my views after recognizing that when the few passages generally appealed to in this debate are examined more closely and in context, the traditional anti-gay interpretations do not hold up to scrutiny. I learned that the ex-gay route is a scripturally unsound mirage, a specious illusion that deceitfully draws people not to a life-giving oasis but to a deeper and deeper spiritual desert. Seeing the immense need for education in this area, I began to speak and write about my experience and new-found convictions. I am also passionate about helping the Church better understand her rich Jewish roots; helping other Jewish people understand Jesus as their Jewish Messiah; and helping other gay people integrate a theologically sound, committed Christian faith with their sexuality. It is my hope that the reflections in this blog will prompt you to explore the paths they suggest, leading to your own more eloquent thinking, exploration and action. If you want, visit the “Contact” page and let me know what you think.
This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s